TITANIC-TITANIC.com | SS Vaderland
- Builder: John Brown, Glasgow
- Yard No.: 341
- Launched: 1900
- Maiden Voyage: 1900 Antwerp - New York
- Gross Tonnage: 11,899 tons
- Length: 560.7 ft.
- Beam: 60.2 ft.
- Decks: 3
- Funnels: 2
- Masts: 4
- Propellers: 2
- Engines: 2 x four cylinder quadruple expansion
- Boilers: 8 single
- Speed: 15 knots
- Port of Registry: Liverpool
- Carrying Capacity: 342 first class, 192 second class, 626 steerage
- Sister Ships: Zeeland II
Vaderland was built at John Brown's yard on the River Clyde in Glasgow, and was almost identical to her sister ship, Zeeland II, in her dimensions and carrying capacities. Vaderland was launched on 12th July, 1900, and allocated to the Red Star Line, but flying a British flag, on 29th November, 1900.
Vaderland made her final prewar sailing on July 25th, 1914, arriving in New York shortly after the declaration of war. Vaderland was then transferred to the White Star Line when Belgium was invaded by the Germans, making her first White Star Line trip between New York and Southampton on 3rd September.1914.
During 1915, Vaderland was renamed Southland, because of her German sounding name, and was transferred to the White Star-Dominion Joint Service between Liverpool and Canada, and in the spring of that year, Southland was taken over and employed as a troopship for the Dardanelles campaign.
Southland made a troopship sailing to Mudros in 1915, which at that time was the British army's main transhipment port, and on September 2nd that year, she was torpedoed whilst carrying 1,400 troops between Alexandria and Mudros by UB-14, but luckily she was able to limp into port, assisted by H.M.S. Racoon.
Southland found herself on her former stomping ground on the Liverpool-Montreal Joint Service route during 1916.
In the April of 1917, due to the Americans entry into the war, Southland found herself trooping once more on her eastbound Atlantic crossings, and on 4th June, Southland was torpedoed twice by U-70, and she sank 140 miles off Tory Island, with the loss of four lives.
N.B. Image source http://www.simplonpc.co.uk
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