The Lives and Deaths of Ships

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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Tue Oct 01, 2013 2:30 pm

Time to catch up again, I suppose.

On 7 September 1921 Arabic III (Capt. J. Roberts) made her first White Star sailing, Southampton-New York. Built in 1908 as NDL's Berlin, the ship became a war reparation, was purchased by White Star and named for the first White Star ship lost in the war. Over her White Star career Arabic, which had the largest passenger capacity of any White Star ship, was used on almost every North Atlantic service and was chartered for three years (1926-29) to Red Star.
Arabic III (Photo)0002.JPG


On 10 September 1881 Arabic I (Capt. W. Pearne) made her maiden voyage, Liverpool-New York. After three North Atlantic roundtrips, she was placed on the White Star/Occidental & Oriental transpacific service for which she was designed. She returned to the North Atlantic for one more year (1887-88), but otherwise spent her White Star entire career on the Pacific.

On 14 September 1871 Baltic I (Capt. D. Murray) began her maiden voyage, Liverpool-Queenstown-New York, the route on which she spent her entire White Star career (including two years on charter to the Inman Line from 1885 to 1887).
baltic i0001.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Thu Oct 03, 2013 4:51 pm

On 25 September 1911 Belgic III (Capt. J. Thornton) began her first White Star sailing, leaving Liverpool for Australia. Launched in 1903 as Atlantic Transport's cattle carrier Mississippi, the ship was transferred to Red Star in 1906 as a cargo carrier but served White Star as an immigrant ship. Built by the New York Shipbuilding Co. of Camden, New Jersey, this was the only U.S.-built ship ever to bear a White Star name.
Belgic III (Mississippi).JPG


On 27 September 1935 Homeric arrived at Southampton at the conclusion of her final cruise. She was then laid up for the winter off the Isle of Wight and
in early 1936 was sold for scrapping.
Homeric0004.JPG
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On 2 October 1895 Runic I began final her Liverpool-New York roundtrip for White Star. She was then sold to the West India & Pacific Steamship Co. and renamed Tampican, and retained that name when West India & Pacific was acquired by the Leyland Line in 1899. She was sold twice in 1912, becoming the South Pacific Whaling Co.'s Imo. After being badly damaged in the Halifax Explosion of 1917, the ship was repaired and renamed Guvernoren, and was wrecked at Port Stanley in 1921.
Runic I (Imo)0001.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Mon Oct 07, 2013 2:17 am

On 6 October 1954 Georgic II (Capt. C. Stewart) began her final voyage for Cunard, a Southampton-New York roundtrip. Badly damaged in a 1941 bombing at Port Tewfik, the ship was acquired by the British Ministry of Transport during her four-year rebuilding and after the war was chartered by Cunard during the summer of 1950 for Liverpool-New York service and the summers of 1951-54 for the Southampton-New York route. She continued to be used for trooping through the end of 1955 and was scrapped in 1956.
Georgic II0007.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Wed Oct 09, 2013 8:36 pm

On 9 October 1919 the tender Pontic was sold to the Rea Towing Co. of Liverpool for continued used as a tender and also as derrick barge. She was sold again in 1925 and scrapped in 1930.
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Tue Oct 15, 2013 4:46 pm

On 14 October 1871 the ship that would become Tropic I was launched at the Thomas Royden & Sons shipyard at Liverpool. Built for Royden's own account, the ship (like her sister, Asiatic I) was bought and named by White Star during fitting out. She was first used on White Star's Calcutta service and then on the South America service.
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Mon Oct 21, 2013 1:11 am

On 18 October 1927 Athenic (Capt. J.W. Binks) left Liverpool to begin her last roundtrip to New Zealand in the White Star/Shaw, Savill and Albion joint service; after returning to London in March 1928 she was sold to a Norwegian whaling operation and converted into a whale factory called Pelagos. Later in her career she was (a) captured by the German raider Pinguin in the Antarctic in 1941 with 13 other Norwegian whaling ships, (b) operated by a German whaling company, (c) sunk in 1944, (d) raised by the Norwegians and put back in service in 1945 and finally (e) broken up in Hamburg in 1962.
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On 21 October 1931 Corinthic (Capt. H. Bowen) left Wellington to begin the return leg of her final New Zealand roundtrip in the White Star/Shaw, Savill and Albion joint service. After her return to London in December she was sold for scrap.
Corinthic.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Thu Oct 24, 2013 2:32 pm

On 24 October 1872 Celtic I (Capt. D. Murray) began her maiden voyage, Liverpool-Queenstown-New York. She remained on that route for her entire White Star career.
celtic i0001.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Tue Oct 29, 2013 1:27 am

On 28 October 1902 Britannic I (Capt. B. Hayes) arrived at Southampton after more than two years of Boer War troop transport service and was sent to Belfast for reboilering and refitting for passenger service. This plan, however, was soon abandoned and she was, instead, sold for scrap.
britannic i (hmt).JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Tue Oct 29, 2013 4:44 pm

On 29 October 1914 Red Star's Lapland, transferred to White Star due to the German occupation of her European base in Antwep, left Liverpool for New York on her first White Star voyage. She remained in White Star service throughout World War I.
Lapland.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Sat Nov 02, 2013 5:41 am

On 1 November 1911 Zealandic (Capt. J. Breen) began her maiden voyage, from Liverpool to Australia and New Zealand.
Zealandic0001.JPG


On 1 November 1929 Regina made her last White Star passage, Liverpool-Montréal by way of Belfast, Glasgow and Québec. She was then transferred to Red Star, but not initially renamed or repainted and remained under Leyland Line ownership, with a Dominion Line name, painted in White Star Line colors, and operating in Red Star Line service. Regina was eventually be given a Red Star name (Westernland) and painted in that line's livery and in 1935 was sold to Arnold Bernstein's Star GmbH. In 1939, two years after Bernstein was imprisoned by the Nazis Westernland was sold to Holland America, and after a time as the residence of the Dutch government in exile, was requisitioned as a troopship in 1940 and then purchased outright by the Admiralty as a repair and depot ship in 1942. After the war, she briefly came back to Cunard White Star management, but thoughts of rebuilding her were discarded due to her age. She was then sold to Christian Salvesen for conversion into a whaling depot, but those plans, too, were abandoned as too costly, and she was broken up at Blyth in 1947.
Regina0001.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Mon Nov 04, 2013 4:00 pm

On 4 November 1940 Laurentic II, in service as an armed merchant cruiser, sank after being torpedoed for the fourth time in about six hours by U-99; there were 49 deaths and 367 survivors. (Laurentic had gone to the aid of Elder & Fyffes' Casanare, sunk by U-99 the night before; the Blue Funnel liner Patroclus, which went to Laurentic's aid, was sunk by the same boat. In all, 128 people and 35,414 tons of ship were lost in this single incident.)
Laurentic II (Photo).JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Mon Nov 11, 2013 3:14 pm

On 11 November 1922 Cretic (Capt. A. Holme) made her final New York departure, bound for Naples, where she arrived on 27 November. In 1923 she returned to the Leyland Line, for which she was built, and was renamed Devonian. (Her original Leyland name was Hanoverian.) Devonian was broken up in 1929.
Cretic (Devonian).JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Tue Nov 12, 2013 10:20 pm

On 12 November 1927 Laurentic II (Capt. E. L. Trant) made her maiden voyage, from Liverpool to New York. She was used primarily in the White Star/Dominion Line service to Canada in the summer, and for winter cruises and service to New York.
Laurentic II.JPG
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Tue Nov 12, 2013 10:49 pm

A correction: On 19 May, I posted a message to the effect that 26 April was the date of Gothic's final White Star voyage. It turns out, however, that the fire that occurred at the end of that trip did not mark the end of her White Star career, but that she in fact returned to the White Star/Shaw, Saviil & Albion New Zealand service in the fall of 1906. So, if you're keeping track of this meandering series, drop the 26 April date. I'm trying to track down a date for her final trip---it seems right now to have been during the summer of 1907---and will update this thread if/when I succeed.
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Re: The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Postby MAB » Sat Nov 16, 2013 4:00 pm

On 16 November 1881 Coptic (Capt. H. Parsell) left Liverpool on her maiden voyage, to New York. She later spent 1882-83 on the White Star/Occidental & Oriental transpacific service, 1884-94 on the White Star/Shaw, Savill & Albion New Zealand service, and 1895-1906 back on the transpacific service.
coptic.JPG
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