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Adriatic I

Celtic I was one of two liners, the other being her sister vessel Adriatic I, which were both constructed by Harland and Wolff for the White Star Line. The commercial success of the quartet of Oceanic-class liners of Oceanic I, Atlantic, Baltic I, Republic I, led to the construction of Adriatic I and Celtic I, which were also similar in layout and dimensions.

Celtic I was launched at Harland and Wolff's Belfast yard on June 8th, 1872, and she set sail on her maiden voyage between Liverpool and New York on October 24th, later the same year.

In the January of 1874, Celtic I lost two propellers blades, and was towed into Queenstown by her White Star Line stable mate Gaelic I.

Celtic I was under tow once more, this time by Britannic I in the January of 1883, after her propeller shaft snapped. Luckily, she was able to continue under sail until taken under tow into Liverpool.

On May 19th, 1887, Celtic I was heading to New York in thick fog when she collided with Britannic I, about 300 miles off Sandy Hook. Britannic I was holed, whilst Celtic I's bow plates were stoved in. The subsequent Court of Inquiry investigation censured both vessels for excessive speed in fog. During the repairs to Celtic I, second class accommodation were added.

In the October of 1892, Celtic I was retired at Birkenhead, and put up for sale. The following April, Celtic I was sold to the Thingvalla Line, and renamed Amerika, and sailed under a Danish flag. Her first sailing under this new guise, on May 27th, was on the Copenhagen - Christiania - Christiansand - New York route. She wasn't really a commercial success, as the small amount of traffic didn't justify such a large ship, so Amerika was only used during the summers, making just eight voyages.

Amerika was broken-up at Brest in 1898.

 

 

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